FM19 League Info: Austria Bundesliga & Erste Liga

Austrian Football Bundesliga

Austria is a landlocked country in Western Europe, bordered by the Czech Republic and Germany to the north, Hungary and Slovakia to the east, Slovenia and Italy to the south, and Switzerland and Liechtenstein to the west.  Austria has a population of 8.47 million people and the capital is Vienna.

The history of football in Austria started in the late 19th century with the rising popularity of the new sport. In 1894 the first football team of the country was formed with the creation of the First Vienna Football Club. From this nucleus, the Austrian football federation was established in 1904.

The Austrian Football Association (Österreichischer Fußball-Bund) is the governing body of football in Austria and is based in Vienna. The ÖFB oversees all aspects of football in the country including Austrian Bundesliga, the Austrian Cup and the Austrian national team, as well as its female equivalent. The organisation was founded in 1904 and became affiliated to FIFA in 1905 and to UEFA in 1954

The Austrian Football Bundesliga (Österreichische Fußball-Bundesliga) is the highest-ranking national league club competition in Austrian football. It is the competition which decides the Austrian national football champions, as well the country’s entrants for the various European cups run by UEFA.  The Austrian Bundesliga began in the 1974–75 season and most championships have been won by the two main Viennese clubs FK Austria Wien and SK Rapid Wien.

At present it is composed of two divisions – the Bundesliga and First League (Erste Liga) – which both have 10 teams. There is relegation and promotion between the two leagues.

The third tiers are the regional leagues (Regionalliga), which are split into three geographical divisions: the East (Regionalliga Ost), which comprises teams from Vienna, Lower Austria, and Burgenland; the Central (Regionalliga Mitte), featuring teams from Styria, Carinthia, Upper Austria, and East Tyrol; and the West (Regionalliga West), competed for by teams from Salzburg, Tyrol, and Vorarlberg.

The fourth tier is the state league (Landesliga), with the 2. Landesliga as the fifth tier in some states.

The Austrian Cup (ÖFB-Cup) is an annual football competition held by the Austrian Football Association, the Österreichischer Fußball-Bund (ÖFB). It has been held since 1919, with the exception of the time of the Anschluss between 1939 and 1945 and the period between 1950 and 1958 when the competition was deemed of little interest. FK Austria Wien have won the competition on a regular basis followed by SK Rapid Wien.

In the Bundesliga, 10 teams play a “double championship” with each team playing every other twice at home and twice away during a championship year which is divided into an autumn and a spring season. The season typically lasts from July to June of the following year. At the end of the season, the team finishing in last place in the table is relegated to the Erste Liga, the champion of which is promoted to the Bundesliga.​

The Bundesliga champion and the second placed team qualify for the UEFA Champions League, and the clubs at positions 3 and 4, as well as the Austrian Cup winner, enter the qualification rounds for the UEFA Europa League. In the event that the Bundesliga champion is also the Austrian Cup winner, the fifth placed team enters the UEFA Europa League.

RULES:

Number of Teams: 12

Dates: 27/12/2018 – 16/03/2019

Points for Win: 3

Points for Draw: 1

Number of Games: 22 games. (Teams play each other twice)

Match Rules: No player restrictions within current match selection. 7 Subs named, maximum 3 used (plus goalkeeper if injured).

Trialist Rules: No Trialists allowed to play in matches.

Squad Registration: Maximum of 7 Non-EU players. Players can be registered between Sunday 1st July 2018 and Friday 31st August 2018. Players can be registered between Tuesday 1st January 2019 and Thursday 31st January 2019.

Wage Cap: Wage budget is limited to 50% of turnover.

League Sorting Rules: Goal Difference then Goals Scored.

Qualification: Top 6 teams qualify for the Champions Playoff. Bottom 6 teams qualify for the Relegation Playoff.

Disciplinary Rules: 1 match ban after 5 yellow card. 1 match ban for every additional 4 yellow cards. 1 match ban for every red card. The following bans may be added for the specified offences: One Match: Striking another player (minor). Two Matches: Violent Conduct. Striking another player. Five Matches: Striking another player (extreme). Twelve Matches: Striking a match official.

Transfer Window: Monday 11th June 2018 to Friday 31st August 2018 (Domestic transfers only). Sunday 1st July 2018 to Friday 31st August 2018. Tuesday 1st January 2019 to Thursday 31st July 2019.

Wage Rules: £250 per week minimum wage for full-time players 17 years old and over.

Nations Treated as EU: All European Free Trade Association nations. All European Union nations.

Stadium Requirements: Undersoil heating required.

Austrian Football Erste Liga

The Austrian Football Second League (German: 2. Liga) is the second highest professional division in Austrian football. It was formerly called the First League (Erste Liga), from 2002 to 2018. Football Manager still uses the Erste Liga name.

The division currently contains 16 teams, and the champion of the league is promoted to the Austrian Bundesliga. The three last placed teams are directly relegated from the Second League into the regional leagues.

Starting in the 2018–19 season, the former First League changed its name to the Second League and expanded from 10 teams to 16 teams.

The destination of a club relegated from the Second League depends upon which Land (state) of the Federal Republic it is a member. The relegated clubs join one of the Regionalligen (regional leagues) in the east, center or west of the country. The three regional league champions are promoted to the Second League. Participation in the professional Second League is conditional on their licensing by the fifth senate of the federal league. If the license is refused for economic reasons, one team fewer will be relegated.

The Austrian second division has had several different names and sponsors since 1974.

(Seasons below represent the first season when the name was used)

  • 1974/75 Nationalliga
  • 1975/76 2. Division
  • 1993/94 2. Division der Bundesliga
  • 1998/99 Erste Division
  • 2002/03 Red Zac-Erste Liga
  • 2008/09 ADEG Erste Liga
  • 2010/11 „Heute für Morgen“ Erste Liga
  • 2014/15 Sky Go Erste Liga
  • 2018/19 2. Liga

RULES:

Number of Teams: 16

Dates: 27/07/2018 – 27/05/2019

Points for Win: 3

Points for Draw: 1

Number of Matches: 30 (Teams play each other twice).

Match Rules: The Match Squad must have at least 3 under-21 players. (Born after 23/07/1997). The Match Squad must have no more than 3 foreign players over the age of 21. Only players registered for this competition are eligible to play. 7 Subs named, maximum 3 used (plus goalkeeper if injured).

Trialist Rules: No trialists allowed to play in matches.

Squad Registration: Maximum of 7 foreign players. Players can be registered from Sunday 1st July 2018 and Friday 31st August 2018. Players can be registered between Tuesday 1st January 2019 and Thursday 31st January 2019.

League Sorting Rules: Goal Difference then Goals Scored.

Prize Money: 1st Place: £33,000. 2nd Place: £25,000. 3rd Place: £20,000. 4th Place: £13,000. 5th Place: £10,000. 6th Place: £8,000. 7th Place: £5,000. 8th Place: £4,000. 9th Place: £2,500. 10th Place: £1,300.

Promotion: Top Team wins promotion to Bundesliga. B Teams are not allowed to be promoted from this division.

Relegation: Bottom 3 Teams are relegated.

Disciplinary Rules: 1 match ban after 5 yellow card. 1 match ban for every additional 4 yellow cards. 1 match ban for every red card. The following bans may be added for the specified offences: One Match: Striking another player (minor). Two Matches: Violent Conduct. Striking another player. Five Matches: Striking another player (extreme). Twelve Matches: Striking a match official.

Transfer Window: Monday 11th June 2018 to Friday 31st August 2018 (Domestic transfers only). Sunday 1st July 2018 to Friday 31st August 2018. Tuesday 1st January 2019 to Thursday 31st July 2019.

Wage Rules: £250 per week minimum wage for full-time players 17 years old and over.

References:

Austria Bundesliga Official (German)

Austria 2. Liga Official (German)

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